Nationally, women in Canada make 74 cents for every dollar earned by a man per year. That means on average, women had to work three months and 10 days into 2018 to earn the same amount made by a man in 2017.
Statistics Canada pegs the gap as being even wider for women belonging to minority groups, with Indigenous women facing a 57% gender pay gap; women with disabilities facing a 46% gap; immigrant women facing a 39% gap; and racialized women facing a 32% gap.
Unions, collective bargaining, and pay equity measures significantly reduce the wage gap for women.
According the the Canadian Labour Congress, on average, women with unions earned $6.65/hour more than women without unions .